Courses After MBBS


MBBS denoted as the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is a 5-year undergraduate medical degree. In addition to the five years, the course will also include a one-year internship. This degree combines a set of degrees in medicine and surgery. If someone wants to take studies to the next level, one can select additional specifications. They are two different undergraduate degrees, according to the historical degree nomenclature. They are usually combined into one and conferred together in practice, and graduate-level medical schools may also award them. 

The best courses after MBBS include specialisation in MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), and other diploma programs.

  • Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a postgraduate degree in which graduates study medicine in depth. It's a two-year programme that prepares medical students to investigate, prevent, diagnose and treat adult diseases. A person with an MBBS degree can pursue an MD degree to gain training in a speciality of their choice. Paediatrics, gynaecology, obstetrics, ophthalmology, and dentistry are just a few specialisations available.

  • The Master of Surgery (MS) is a three-year postgraduate programme designed to provide aspirants with comprehensive surgical knowledge and skills. Candidates pursuing an MS degree will learn about high-quality health care and how to advance the cause of science and medicine by conducting more research and training. The Master of Surgery course provides all of the necessary scientific knowledge to become a surgeon in their chosen field. The MS degree programme entails learning about common diseases and the research methods for diagnosing and treating them.

MD Courses After MBBS

The Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a postgraduate degree that focuses on medicine. It is a two-year programme that prepares doctors to study, prevent, diagnose and treat adult diseases.


  • Better education- Any postgraduate or specialisation degree qualifies. A higher degree helps a person get a better education. Not only that, but one learns a lot more.
  • International opportunities- Several countries face a shortage of medical and healthcare professionals. Obtaining a Doctor of Medicine degree also allows one to work abroad.
  • Broader Scope- After completing a Doctor of Medicine, a person's options expand dramatically. This degree will lead to better job opportunities and pay.

MD Eligibility NEET PG

  • An MBBS degree or provisional MBBS pass certificate is required, according to the 1956 Indian Medical Council Act.
  • Candidates must hold an MCI or State Medical Council permanent or provisional registration certificate proving MBBS.
  • Graduates must also have completed one year of the internship by March 31 of the admission year.

MD Eligibility for AIIMS PG

  • Enrollment in the MD programme requires an MBBS degree. The degree must be recognised by the Medical/Dental Council of India (MCI) (DCI).
  • Candidates must finish their 12-month rotatory internship.
  • Medical graduates must secure a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate if belonging to SC/ST - PwBD category 55% if OBC - PwBD category in all of their MBBS/BDS professional examinations.

MD Criteria for JIPMER

  • A candidate must hold an MBBS degree or an MCI or state medical council equivalent (SMC)
  • Their 12-month rotatory internship must be completed.
  • The minimum qualifying marks for General (UR)/Sponsored/Foreign Nationals (FN)/Other Backward Classes (OBC)/ Economic weaker Section (EWS) is 55%, and for Scheduled Castes (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST), it's 50%.

MD Criteria for PGIMER

  • Candidates must hold a valid MBBS degree from a Medical Council of India certified university (MCI).
  • A one-year rotatory internship is also required.

Diploma Courses After MBBS

A diploma can be obtained in as little as two years. However, keep in mind that a Diploma does not carry the same weight as an MD/MS degree.

  • Diploma in Health Education
  • Diploma in DVL
  • Diploma in ENT
  • Diploma in Occupational Health
  • Diploma in Sports Medicine
  • Diploma in Pulmonary Medicine
  • Diploma in Radiotherapy
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology
  • Diploma in Anesthesia
  • Diploma in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Diploma in Immunohematology
  • Diploma in Pathology
  • Diploma in Nuclear Medicine
  • Diploma in Microbiology
  • Diploma in Psychiatry
  • Diploma in Hospital Administration
  • Diploma in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Diploma in Pediatrics

PG Courses After MBBS 2022

Many students continue their education after completing their MBBS. MBBS graduates have various alternatives, including a DM/MS degree, a diploma, or even a DNB degree. Depending on the students' talents and the amount of time they want to dedicate to their future studies. Candidates interested in healthcare management can also pursue an MBA after completing their MBBS.

Online Fellowship Courses After MBBS

Some of the common fellowship courses that one can pursue after MBBS are:

  • Fellowship in Embryology.
  • Fellowship in Pulmonology.
  • Anaesthesia (e LA)
  • Electronic Fetal Monitoring (EFM)
  • Training in Plastic Reconstructive aesthetic Surgery. (eLPRAS)
  • Ophthalmology (Eye site)
  • Diabetes Care: care of people with metabolic problems.
  • Dermatology (e Derm)
  • Advance certificate in clinical nutrition. 

Short Term Courses After MBBS

  • Critical Care Medicine.
  • Post-Graduation Certificate Course in Emergency Service.
  • Postgraduate Certificate Course in Critical Care.
  • Diabetes Management.
  • Training in Occupational Health.
  • PGDCC (Post-Graduate Diploma in Clinical Cardiology)
  • Basic Life Support.

Courses After MBBS Without NEET PG

With a wide range of job paths available, healthcare is one of India's largest industries. Apart from that, the medical sector is not entirely confined to MBBS graduates. There are other opportunities to seek in this ever-changing market. One can enrol in various additional fellowships or postgraduate medical programmes without the NEET PG mark. If one did not attempt or pass the NEET PG test, one might like to consider one of the following courses:

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)
  • Bachelor of Science in Cardio-Pulmonary Perfusion Technology
  • Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics

Heart-related illnesses have increased dramatically in recent years due to desk occupations, busy work hours, and a variety of other causes. As a result, non-invasive cardiology is the most in-demand speciality worldwide. Among various medical courses in India, related courses are the most sought-after. According to a recent study, a non-invasive cardiologist must treat approximately 25–30 patients daily. To pursue a career in non-invasive cardiology, completing a fellowship is the optimal path.

Medical universities, such as Texila American University, provide a variety of postgraduate medical degrees that do not require students to have a NEET PG score. Texila American University, for example, offers the following:

  • Fellowship with Master of Medicine/Master of Surgery:
  • This fellowship program is designed for MBBS holders to upgrade their knowledge, skills, and mastery.
  • Along with the course, the university also provides exclusive training for the RCP (Royal Colleges of Physicians) exam. It will help one get trained to pass the exam easily.
  • Fellowship in Non-Invasive Cardiology:

This fellowship program is for those who take up a career in cardiology. The objective of this program is to train students in various aspects of non-invasive cardiology, such as

  • ECG
  • X-ray chest
  • Holter recording,
  • Ambulatory BP monitoring,
  • TMT,
  • Echocardiogram (level 2 echo), and
  • Stress/dobutamine stress echo under supervision.
  • Fellowship (MMSc)
  • This MMSc fellowship enables medical students to expand their professional horizons and strengthen their professional competence. If one is a doctor practising medicine somewhere in the corner of the country, this program would be well suited for them. It helps to get specialised in one's area of interest without compromising one's clinical commitment.

Entrance Exams to Study MBBS

There are multiple entrance exams where one can appear to study MBBS, both after (10+2 ) and at the Postgraduate level. Some exams are conducted at the national level, whereas others are conducted at State or institutional level.

Some of the Entrance Exams are given below


Exam Name

Conducting Body

IMAT (International Medical Admissions Test)

Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR)

MCAT(Medical Colleges Admission Test)

the Association of American Medical Colleges

OMET(Overseas Medical Entrance Test)

Cambridge Boxhill Language Assessment Trust (CBLA)

USMLE (the United States Medical Licensing Examination)

Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States 



Conducting Body 

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

AIIMS-MBBS (All India Institute of Medical Science)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

FMGE(Foreign Medical Graduate Examination)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

NEET PG(National Eligibility cum Entrance PG Test)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

NEET SS(National Eligibility cum Entrance Super Speciality Test)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

NEET MDS(National Eligibility cum Entrance MDS Test)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

FET (Fellowship Entrance Test)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

AIAPGET (All India AYUSH Postgraduate Entrance Test)

National Board of Examinations (NBE)

DNB PDCET(Diplomate of National Board Post Diploma Centralized EnStandtrance Test)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

CMSE(Combined Medical Services Examination)


Abroad Universities for After MBBS


Course/ Specialization


Harvard University

M.D., M.S.

5 year 

Stanford University 

M.D., M.S.

6 year 

John Hopkins University 

M.D., M.S.

4 year

University of Pennsylvania

M.D., M.S.

4 year

New York University

M.D., M.S.

4 year

Yale University 

M.D., M.S.

4 year

University of Oxford

MSc by Research, MSc

1 year

University of Cambridge

M.Phil., M.S.

1 year/ 2 years

Imperial College, London

M.Phil., M.Res., PG Diploma

9 months to 1 year

Non-medical and Non-clinical Courses After MBBS

Other than postgraduate medical school, there are other non-clinical courses in numerous fields of study. One can get a diploma or an MD in these non-clinical specialisations and gain a holistic grasp of one's chosen field of study, expanding one's future options. Following are some of the most popular non-clinical courses available after MBBS for graduate diploma and master's degree students:

  • Community Medicine
  • Biochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Anatomy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Depression Counseling
  • Social Psychology

Jobs & Salary after MBBS abroad

MBBS degrees from abroad significantly increases one's profile and allows better career options in many cases (if one chooses the right universities, of course). As a foreign medical graduate, or for students who've studied MBBS outside of India, doing post-grad in India is the first and most important thing to practise in India. After they finish their MBBS in another country, they can choose from a wide range of postgraduate medical programmes to become a specialist after taking the NEET PG exam to become a doctor or a surgeon practising in India. A General physician license is typically obtainable based on the MBBS degree itself. One can practise as a general physician in India in good hospitals with avg income of around Rs. 5 LPA or more after coming back from abroad.

Another option for MBBS students is to give exams in the country of their MBBS course to obtain a license to practice in that country. The USMLE, for example, is available for MBBS students from the USA to obtain a permit as a general physician. PLAB is an equivalent examination to the USMLE for students who want to practice in the UK after completing their MBBS. Typical salaries for General Physicians in the USA are around $150,000 (around Rs. 1.1 cr) p.a. In the UK, $118,000 (around Rs. 90 L) p.a. is the mean salary for a General Physician.

Career Options After MBBS

  • Junior Doctor: With one's residency experience, one will be able to care for patient safety and give quality healthcare to people in need, which is the primary duty that every MBBS graduate is eligible for.
  • Medical professors: If someone wants to learn about medicine and educate others about it, becoming a lecturer to teach other medical students can be a rewarding job. Still, it also requires many hours of teaching. However, after gaining some experience as a junior and senior medical lecturer, one can advance to the post of medical professor, which requires fewer working hours but provides excellent time and monetary compensation.
  • Scientists: Because the medical field is constantly evolving and there are so many unknowns, it will always be a great option to train as a medical scientist and work in government agencies, hospitals, and research institutes, where one will be thrilled to find oneself with the opportunity to help the world through revolutionary discoveries and findings.
  • Healthcare informatics: If one is good at statistics, it would be a wise choice to pursue a career in healthcare informatics, where one would combine medical expertise with analytics to propel oneself to the top of medical data analytics.
  • Medical writers: With the growth of the healthcare industry, every institute, hospital, journal, and startup in this field requires medical papers with the appropriate amount of medical terminology to reflect what is being said accurately. As a result, as an MBBS graduate, one can work as a medical writer for any healthcare-related organisation, firm, or institute, where one will be able to articulate one's medical wisdom in a way that will validate the cause and vision of the brand one wishes to succeed with. Medical writers are in high demand too.

AECC  is one of the world's leading educational consultancies with versatile expert professionals who are ready to help you with any queries you may have. Contact us so we can be of assistance to you in your journey of fulfilling your dream.

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