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PhD in Canada for Indian Students


A PhD in Canada will allow you to work with leading experts and take advantage of cutting-edge technology. After receiving your doctorate, you can apply for one of the most generous post-study work visa programmes in the world. In Canada, there are approximately 100 research universities that offer PhD programmes. Other institutions exist, such as liberal arts colleges and community colleges, but they do not typically offer PhDs. Doctoral programmes are frequently offered by universities through dedicated graduate schools. PhD is the final step to the exit of education in 4 walls.

The doctorate in Canada is typically awarded as a final 'terminal degree.' This is the highest academic qualification a student can obtain. The majority of courses necessitate at least three years of full-time study and research. Some students may study for an extended period of time. Academic cohorts of students participate in collective training in addition to their more independent research activities. Courses frequently concentrate on key skills like research techniques and methodological principles. 

Why Study PhD in Canada?

Graduate students are increasingly choosing Canada as a destination. A PhD in Canada provides an excellent education at prestigious universities. Because of its global reputation for quality in education and research, Canada is an excellent choice for your master's or PhD studies. A PhD in Canada opens up a world of possibilities by allowing you to collaborate with top specialists and take advantage of modern, high-tech facilities at Canadian universities.

PhD programmes in Canada are frequently less expensive than those in the neighbouring United States, with some colleges significantly lowering or even eliminating international tuition. The cost of pursuing a PhD in Canada ranges from $3,500 to $18,000 CA$. If you successfully complete your doctorate, you will be able to live and work in Canada for up to three years, with the possibility of pursuing legal residency or even citizenship. All Canadian institutions that offer PhD degrees guarantee cutting-edge research facilities and the most academically qualified educators. This is just the tip of the iceberg, your study abroad experience is filled with amazing opportunities. 

PhD in Canada Course Highlights


3-6 years

Research Universities

Around 100

Academic Year

September to April


4,000 to 19,000 CAD

Funding up to

Up to 40,000 CAD a year

Work-study opportunities

10 hours a week

PGWP duration

At least 3 years

Popular PhD Courses in Canada

Top universities in Canada for PhD programmes offer courses in a variety of fields, including medicine and health, engineering and technology, applied sciences, and others. A PhD in Canada can be completed in three to six years of full-time study and research.



PhD in Philosophy

McMaster University

PhD Program in Management

McGill University

PhD in Information

University of Toronto

Doctor of Philosophy in Theological Studies

Wycliffe College

Doctor of Philosophy in Biomolecular Science

University of Lethbridge

Doctor of Social Sciences

Royal Roads University

PhD in Conflict Studies

Saint Paul University

PhD in Communication, New Media and Cultural Studies

McMaster University

PhD in Theology

Saint Paul University

PhD in Administration

University of Montreal

Top Universities to study PhD in Canada

In Canada, PhDs are typically pursued with the full supervision of at least one academic supervisor. At the end of the course, students must submit a substantial doctoral thesis. A panel of examiners then reviews the thesis and research work.


Tuition Fees per annum

Acadia University

$19,158 - $19,158

Bishop's University

$18,779 - $25,456 *

Brandon University

$6,407 - $6,709

Brock University

$23,504 - $23,504

Cape Breton University

$19,203 - $19,203 *

Carleton University

$13,060 - $16,762

Concordia University

$12,563 - $21,150

Dalhousie University

$19,227 - $23,775

Lakehead University

$15,334 - $15,334

Laurentian University (excludes Hearst University)

$12,961 - $14,361 *

McGill University

$16,751 - $25,725

McMaster University

$6,037 - $17,096

Memorial University of Newfoundland

$3,222 - $4,833

Ontario Tech University

$19,166 - $27,582 *

Royal Roads University

$16,248 - $17,754 *

The University of British Columbia

$9,131 - $9,131

Thompson Rivers University

$13,532 - $13,532 *

University of Alberta

$11,186 - $11,186

University of Ottawa

$16,334 - $27,519

University of Saskatchewan

$5,397 - $5,397

University of Toronto

$6,210 - $42,710

University of Victoria

$7,763 - $7,763

Vancouver Island University

$17,400 - $17,400 *

PhD in Canada: Eligibility

The requirements for doctoral studies in Canada vary depending on the university and course, but you will generally need the following:

  • A master's degree in a related field, with excellent grades and demonstrated research ability and potential.
  • If English or French is not your first language and you have not previously studied in either language, you must provide proof of language ability. (In French-speaking Quebec, some programmes are offered in both languages.)
  • A high score on a graduate admissions exam, such as the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).
  • In exceptional circumstances, you may be able to study for a PhD with "accelerated admission," that is, without first earning a master's degree. In order to be considered for this process, you must have outstanding grades in the last two years of your bachelor's degree (a first-class average) as well as other evidence of your high academic potential, such as research publications.

PhD in Canada: Admission Process

Although the admissions process can vary between Canadian universities, you'll generally need to follow the following steps to apply for a PhD:

  1. Determine which PhD programme you want to pursue, 
  2. as well as your supervisor and research topic. This could be an advertised, structured PhD where the scope of the research is already outlined by the university (particularly in the sciences), or it could be an open PhD where you suggest and outline your own research project (particularly in the arts and humanities). Once you've found a supervisor, some universities may request a letter of support from that person to be included with your application materials.

2. If you're applying for an open PhD, you'll need to submit a research proposal that follows your university's guidelines and generally outlines what you want to research and why this is a worthwhile project.

3. Apply online, paying the appropriate application fee and attaching all required documents. This may include all or some of the following:

  • Statement of purpose - this should include an overview of your background and academic/professional experience, as well as any awards, publications, or relevant experience you can offer. You should also discuss your career objectives and anything else specified by the university while adhering to the word limit.
  • Two or three letters of recommendation (including one from your intended supervisor). Where possible, your referees should be academics.
  • Academic transcripts and degree certificates - Canadian universities may require your university to mail an official transcript in English or with a perfectly translated document.
  • Your Curriculum Vitae (CV), and, if applicable, language test results
  • Portfolio of creative work (if applying for a PhD in the arts or humanities)
  • You may also be required to attend an admission interview at some Canadian universities.

4. After being accepted, the next step is to apply for your study permit, which serves as your student visa for the duration of your stay. You should also get health insurance and look for orientation information on your university's website.

PhD in Canada: Documents Required

PhD admission requirements vary by university and field of study in Canada. However, most universities in the country require the following from international students seeking a PhD:

How to Apply for PhD in Canada

To apply for a PhD in Canada, follow the steps outlined below:

Step 1 - Go to the university's official website.

Step 2: Examine the course structure and eligibility requirements.

Step 3: Open the application form and fill in the required information.

Step 4 - If you do not already have an account, create one using the appropriate credentials.

Step 5: Outline your research.

Step 6: Submit academic transcripts, a Statement of Purpose, English proficiency scores such as IELTS and PTE, two letters of recommendation, a Curriculum Vitae, and a Portfolio.

Step 7: Submit your application and pay your PhD tuition in Canada. It is possible to pay with a debit or credit card.

Step 8: Prepare for the interview and then apply for a study permit. One must be able to demonstrate sufficient funds.

Tuition Fees for PhD in Canada

A PhD programme in Canada is less expensive than programmes in the United States and the United Kingdom. It costs between $4,000 and $19,000 per year. International students pursuing a PhD in Canada are eligible for a variety of scholarships provided by both the Canadian government and the respective Canadian universities. The scholarship amount varies from $15,000 to $40,000 per year.


Fees in CAD

Times Higher Education Ranking 2022

University of Toronto

4,500 to 8,900


McGill University



University of British Columbia



McMaster University



University of Montreal



University of Ottawa



Western University



University of Alberta



University of Calgary



University of Waterloo



Simon Fraser University



Dalhousie University



Queen’s University



Laval University



University of Manitoba



Scholarships for PhD in Canada

Fortunately, many PhD scholarships are available to help international students afford to study in Canada, with many awards based on academic merit. The Canadian government maintains a helpful website with a scholarship search tool that allows you to find scholarships based on your country of origin. Other good places to look are the official websites of Canadian universities, which may have their own scholarship search tool to assist you in finding one that is relevant to your situation and country of origin.


Type of Scholarships

University of Alberta Scholarships

Alberta University Scholarships 2023 Without IELTS

University of Concordia

Concordia University Scholarships 2023 in Canada

University of Calgary

University of Calgary Entrance Scholarships 2023

University of Waterloo

University of Waterloo Scholarships 2023

University of Manitoba

University of Manitoba Scholarships 2023

Canadian Government Fully Funded Scholarship.

Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship 2023

University of Toronto

Lester B. Pearson International Scholarship 2023

McGill University

McGill University Scholarships 2023

University of British Columbia

University of British Columbia Scholarships

Queens University

Queens University Scholarships Without IELTS

Jobs & Salary After PhD in Canada

Following completion of your PhD in Canada, you will be able to pursue teaching and research positions, as well as work with industry titans. Your specialisation will influence your choice of job or research sector. This will also have an impact on the salaries you are offered. The table below shows some of the most popular job profiles after obtaining a PhD in Canada, as well as their salaries:

Job Title



Research Scientist

They design and conduct experiments and investigations in a variety of fields such as geoscience, medical research, meteorology, and pharmacology.

C$56k - C$106k

Data Scientist

Create algorithms and predictive models by designing data modelling processes.

C$68k - C$111k

Postdoctoral Research Associate

A postdoctoral research associate is in charge of the research department, including writing research reports, analysing research methods, and gathering data.

C$38k - C$64k 

Assistant Professor, Postsecondary / Higher Education

They help full professors by guiding and supervising graduates and spending time conducting research and studies.

C$67k - C$126k 

Project Manager, (Unspecified Type / General)

A project manager is responsible for planning and developing the project concept. They must form and lead a team, as well as monitor project progress.

C$82k - C$159k 

Research Engineer

Preparing cost estimates and analysing cost parameters may also fall under the purview of research engineers.

C$55k - C$107k 

Research Director

They will be in charge of developing and monitoring the cluster's R&D plans, as well as maintaining a competitive innovation portfolio and managing research partnerships.

C$52k - C$94k 

Canada Students Visa Requirements

The study permit is a document that the government issues that allow them to study at designated learning institutions (DLIs) in Canada. To study in Canada, most foreign nationals require a study permit. When you apply, you should include a letter of acceptance from the designated learning institution (DLI) that you intend to attend. There are other supporting documents that must be submitted to acquire the study permit.

  • Valid passport
  • Letter of Acceptance
  • Sufficient funds 

Well, this was extensive coverage, but we have got more information for you at AECC. AECC is the right place for you to expedite your education endeavours with assistance in all aspects, from finding accredited courses to an ideal destination and a leading institution. The expert counsellors provide guidance and will bring your dreams to life.

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