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MBBS Subjects

mbbs subjects

There is no more delicate work than serving humanity, and doctors play a pivotal role in curing a broad rehabilitate range of diseases and amplifying global healthcare by diagnosing and healing. These professionals work hard to Suppress the healthcare emergencies that appear due to numerous causes like traumas, pandemics, war injuries, accidents, maternity, etc. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, admiringly known as MBBS, is a UG program or course that study a vast range of subjects under the MBBS Syllabus. To look for admission to the degree course or program, you Must have passed 12th class exams with BiPC subjects. Here is an article on MBBS subjects that will help the candidates looking to pursue their careers in the doctorate field.

MBBS Subjects Overview

The Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine, or MBBS is a professional degree Course or program that instructs you in Medical Sciences. The period of the program or course can extend 5-6 years is considered one of the most admired degrees. Studying MBBS requires hard work and enthusiasm throughout the study and during practice. The UG program or course is the union of topics encompassing human anatomy, surgical procedures, medicine, and pediatrics. The MBBS syllabus is extended over 9-11 semesters, with each semester of 6 months. In the last year of the degree, you must complete the mandatory internship program at a hospital to acuminate your skills in the field.

MBBS Subjects' Year Wise

The MBBS syllabus encompasses subjects that build up the prior knowledge about different medical courses and provides training in ethical practices. Here is the list of a few crucial subjects taught in one of the most admired medical science courses:

MBBS 1st Year Subjects




Biological cell,Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, their regulation, and metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation, and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry. 


Microanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology, and Genetics, Neuroanatomy 


General Physiology, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga. 

MBBS 2nd Year Subjects 



Community Medicine 

Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multi-forme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoisis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies 

Forensic Medicine& Toxicology 

Forensic Medicine, Toxicology 


General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical 


General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system &The peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous 


Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology, Skin 

MBBS 3rd Year Subjects 




Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag-Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff, and ECG electrodes, and setting up a monitor 

Dermatology and Venereology 

Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases AndNon-communicable Diseases, Important National HealthPrograms, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling Maternal & Child Health 


Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system 

Obstetrics and Gynaecology 

Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances 


Microbiology about the eye, Pathology about the eye, Pharmacology about the eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis &Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Another chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis 


Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic Oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture 


Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastro-Intestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary System, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics SurgicalProblems, Therapeutics 


Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray 


Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining, and Cultivation, CommonTests for Bacterial identification, parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial, and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation, and disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites, Microbiology 


Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia, and OCD Head 

MBBS Syllabus

The MBBS syllabus is very extensive and comprehensive covers the basic concepts of both Medicine and Surgery. The syllabus is outlined to convey broad knowledge in an arrangement of medical-related topics and fit out the students with the skills applicable to the industry, thus helping you flourish in the field of Medicine.

Pre-Clinical: The start of two semesters of an MBBS degree program or course from the pre-clinical studies. It encompasses syllabus like Biophysics, Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, etc.

Para-Clinical: The next stage of the degree program is the para-clinical level which hastens for three semesters. The subjects taught at this level encompass Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Community Medicine, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs, etc.

Clinical: The final academic section of the MBBS syllabus involves the clinical phase. This level lasts from the fifth through the ninth semester and focuses on learning specialisations in both medicine and surgery.

Popular MBBS Subjects


Microanatomy, Neuroanatomy, and Genetics are broadly dealt with in the Anatomy course. Here, the student grasped about the tissues and organs, their category, their internal structure, and numerous relationships among them in the human body.


MBBS students in biochemistry are foremost taught about cell structure and the components within the cell. It delves about the chemical composition and function of biomolecules.


One of the primary subjects of the whole MBBS course, this urge students on the basic systems of the human body like the reproduction, cardiovascular system, nerves and muscles, blood, respiratory system, and much more.

Forensic Medicine

A continuously developing and necessary field has come out with the combination of therapeutic techniques in criminology and forensics.

Top Universities for MBBS Abroad

Medical College 

THE World University Rankings 2021 

QS World Ranking 2022 

Average fees 

University of Oxford 



INR 36,60,00 

Stanford University 



INR 13,000,000 

Harvard University 



INR 3,798,900 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 



INR 1,471,170 

University of Cambridge 



INR 60,00,000 

Yale University  



INR 55,00,000 

University of Chicago 



INR 2,763,000 

Imperial College London 



INR 3,124,145 

Johns Hopkins University 



INR 4,234,700 

MBBS Future Scope

Once you have concluded the ethical course of MBBS, you will have various opportunities and extent in your career. You can work in no-identical sectors and industries like:

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Research Labs
  • Medical Colleges
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Nursing Homes

MBBS Career Opportunities

MBBS provides various career options that you can select from. However, you require to do an MD for most of these career paths:

  • Physician
  • Researcher
  • Dermatologist
  • Dentist
  • Gynaecologist
  • Medical Analyst
  • Pathologist
  • Radiologist
  • Neurologist
  • Surgeon
  • Nutritionist
  • Forensic Officer
  • Paediatrician

AECC is one of the world's leading educational consultancies with versatile expert professionals who are ready to help you with any queries you may have. Contact us so we can be of assistance to you in your journey of fulfilling your dream.

FAQs About MBBS Subjects

Can MBBS do surgery?

Currently, an MBBS doctor without a PG degree is not legally permitted to do operations, anaesthesia, or C-sections. Furthermore, noncommunicable illnesses can only be treated by professionals. The only way to become an expert is to attend PG courses from MCI-approved institutes.

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