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Career in Biotechnology


Biotechnology offers a dynamic field of specialization that involves applying broad research of biological systems and industrial technology to improve human life. Most jobs in this field, though growing fast, are still untapped, which is beneficial for all those who are passionate about this field.

Biotechnology is diverse and can be grouped into two main categories, blue biotechnology, whose study is based on aquatic life and white biotechnology, which involves industrial applications. It is a lucrative career filled with great job prospects.

Is Biotechnology a Good Career?

This is one of the noblest fields globally. Every time the world faces a new health pandemic, biotechnologists play a crucial role in times like this as they can come up with vaccines and medicine to fight such crises.

The use of biology and technology to save human life without a number means that they are most likely never running out of demand. It is also a high paying career and has a great scope. However, it is important to be passionate about the field, as with everything.

Quick Read: Scope of Biotechnology

How to Start a Career in Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is a field that keeps growing and expanding. It will be crucial for the future as it is important now.

Listed below are steps you can take to establish a career in Biotechnology.

  • Bachelor's degree
  • Internships
  • Career Advancement
  • Certification

Bachelor's degree

You must pursue an undergraduate degree with a major in biotechnology after the 12th class if you wish to become a biotechnologist. Institution requirements may vary, but a G.P.A. of 3.0 and above is acceptable; you may also seek a letter of recommendation from your high school for better standing and chances.

Quick Read: Bsc Biotechnology Syllabus


It is important to put yourself on the job market by applying for internships to give you hands-on experience, knowledge and skills necessary for the career. Networking will open up these changes and introduce you to people who may mentor or guide you in the field. Most interns also end up being employed at their places of the internship. Be ready to volunteer for unpaid internships as it is only for a little while.

Career Advancement

You can also better your job profile and prospects by pursuing a Master's degree or P.H.D. in Biotechnology. While it is not mandatory, it will enable you to secure top coveted positions in the field. You will be more appealing to employers if you seek to be a better professional and keep on advancing your skillset and education.


Gaining professional certification shows that you are committed to the field and passionate about its growth. It will also allow you to find work in some states where limitations have been placed on the career. Some examples of these institutions are the American Institute of Biological Sciences and Biomedical Engineering Society.

Biotechnology Career options

Biotechnology is a diverse field, which ensures that there are many specializations that you can invest in.

Some of the career options to pursue include:

  • Microbiologist
  • Biological Technician
  • Medical Scientist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialist
  • Food Scientist and Technologist
  • Biomedical engineer
  • Biochemist
  • R&D Scientist
  • Quality Assurance Manager
  • Epidemiologist

Career in Biotechnology after 12th

Biotechnology has a wide scope, and there are diverse career opportunities that one can pursue. 

This includes:

  1. Pharmaceutical Research
  2. Environmental conservation
  3. Waste Management
  4. Soil Biology
  5. Genetic engineering
  6. Medicine
  7. Bioprocessing Industries

Biotechnology courses after 12th

The best way to build a career in Biotechnology after the 12th class is to enrol in a course that involves its application. Find out what you love, whether agriculture, pharmaceuticals or living organisms and enrol in a course aligned to it. This field is expansive, and there are many opportunities to grow and learn. 

Here are some course options that you may pursue in order to become a biotechnologist:

  • BSc in Bioinformatics
  • Bachelor of Applied Science
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • BSc in Molecular Biology
  • Bachelor of Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine
  • Diploma in Molecular Biotechnology

Career in Biotechnology for Graduate Students

It is a well-known fact that the higher the level of education you command, the greater your job prospects become. Biotechnologists have a variety of fields in which they can choose to specialize in. Some of the popular career options for graduates include Biotech marketing, healthcare informatics, medical science liaison and quality assurance associate, among many others.

In order to be successful in this career, one also has to work to ensure that both hard and soft skills keep improving, growing and developing. Important skills in the biotechnology field include analytical skills, attention and observative, computer knowledge, software knowledge and networking skills. This will give you a competitive edge while in employment.

Courses after BSc Biotechnology

Whether to seek employment or pursue further education is a battle many have to face when they are done with their bachelor's degree. You must carry out vast research and find out what you are passionate about to make a sound decision. Remember that there is also an opportunity to do both if you can find an institution with an online study portal.

In order to establish a great career in biotechnology and keep improving your job prospects, the advancement of your education and sharpening your skills are key. 

There are various courses you can do both online and onsite that can help you with this, and they include:

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Biotechnology
  • M.B.A. in Biotechnology Management
  • MTech in Biotechnology
  • Master in Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
  • Master in Applied Biotechnology
  • MSc Biotechnology

Quick Read:

Masters in Biotechnology in USA
Masters in Biotechnology in Canada
Masters In Biotechnology In UK

Post Graduate Diploma in Biotechnology

This is usually a 2-year course that allows graduates to learn new areas of biotechnology and business management and help them qualify for management roles and deal with marketing, finance and personnel roles within the industry.

Quick Read: Post Graduate Diploma Courses In Biotechnology In Canada

MBA in Biotechnology Management

This course imparts graduates the competence and ability to unite both managerial and medical practices, which helps them cope with complex medical challenges within a large industry.

Quick Read:

MBA in Canada
MBA in Australia

MTech in Biotechnology

This course helps students learn how to use biological systems to develop cures and solutions to human diseases and other global health issues. You can get employed as a scientific analyst, data research scientist and biomedical officer when you pursue this course.

Master in Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology

This course teaches graduates how to create, operate and maintain new industrial technology while ensuring product quality and sustainability without exceeding the budget. It is a two-year course that promotes sustainable living. Students in this course gain problem solving, communication and project management skills, appealing to many employers.

Master in Applied Biotechnology

This course provides in-depth knowledge and understanding of critical principles and new processes in bioscience research. It helps them sharpen their laboratory and research skills.

It is designed and recommended for ambitious students about a research who want to specialize in biotechnology.

MSc Biotechnology

This course enlightens students on recent advancements within the biotechnology field. It also paves the way for graduates to pursue a PhD within the field. It is recommended for anyone passionate about biotechnology and looking to advance their career.

Biotechnology Jobs & Salary

Professional opportunities within the biotechnology field get more lucrative with the level of education, experience, and qualifications. Therefore, you must keep yourself updated with any industry or technological emergence and changes to improve your job prospects.

Biotechnology plays a great role in shaping our future, and there are various careers in high demand within this field. 

The table below shows the average remuneration for some of these jobs:


Average salary per annum(USD)

Biomedical engineer


Medical scientist




Biological Technician


Biomanufacturing specialists




TOP Universities to Study Biotechnology Courses in Abroad

The list below includes the top Biotech universities abroad and their location to ensure you receive the best practical guide and teachings within the field.



University of Rhode Island


Purdue University


Harvard University


University of Michigan


University of Pretoria

South Africa

Boston University


John Hopkins University


University of Kent

United Kingdom

University of Helsinki


Technical University of Munich


The Biotechnology industry is growing at a very fast pace, especially after the Covid-19 pandemic. It now offers diverse opportunities for professionals within the health care systems to strengthen them and make them more capable of handling the emergence of such issues. There is vast room to grow and explore within this field.

A career in biotechnology will allow you to make human life better, whether you are suited up in a company or researching in a lab, and you will be able to interact with like-minded individuals. This network and contacts may help you scale and grow in this field. We hope that this discussion will help you better understand this field should you choose to pursue it in the future.


Still unclear about anything? Well, not to worry. Contact AECC and get your queries answered today!

AECC is one of the world's leading educational consultancies with versatile expert professionals who are ready to help you with any queries you may have.  so we can be of assistance to you in your journey to achieving your dream.

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