UK Economy

Economic Overview of UK

The UK has a fiercely autonomous, sophisticated, and worldwide trade economy that was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century. The country emerged as a military winner from World War II, but with a crippled manufacturing economy.

The United Kingdom is a highly developed country with significant economic, political, scientific, and cultural influence on the worldwide stage.

Identifying about a country's economy will help you translate new ideas into perspective. You'll learn to analyze your personal spending patterns, the nuances of the profession, how to Use Economic Tools, or how to use this insight to improve your career opportunities. As a result, if you prefer the United Kingdom, you must also be knowledgeable about the country's economic condition. Read more about the United Kingdom's economy.

UK Economy

The United Kingdom is presently a rich patchwork of native and immigrant cultures, with a rich past and vibrant current culture, both of which continue to have a great impact on the rest of the globe.

The UK has a market economy that is largely controlled. According to market estimates, the United Kingdom is now the world's fifth-largest economy and Europe's second-largest behind Germany. The Chancellor of the Exchequer leads HM Treasury, which is in charge of creating and implementing the government's public financial and economic policies. Banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland maintain the authority to produce their own notes as long as they keep enough Bank of England notes on hand to cover them. The service sector accounts for around 79 percent of GDP in the United Kingdom. London is one of the world's major economies, placing second on the Global Financial Centers Index in 2020, behind New York City.

The United Kingdom has a $9.6 trillion dollar external debt, second only to the United States. External debt is 408 percent of GDP, which is the third highest in the world behind Luxembourg and Iceland.

UK Population

Here are the main key points on the population of the United Kingdom, that you need to know:

  • According to Worldometers elaboration of the most recent United Nations statistics, the current total population of the United Kingdom is 68,205,954 as of Wednesday, May 26, 2021.
  • According to UN estimates, the UK population 2020 is expected to be 67,886,011 people.
  • The Indian population in UK now numbers over 1.4 million individuals, making them the country's single biggest visible ethnic minority group.
  • The population of the United Kingdom is 0.87 percent of the global population.
  • The United Kingdom is ranked 21st in terms of population among nations (including dependent territories).
  • In the United Kingdom, the population density is 281 persons per square kilometre (727 people per mi2).
  • The overall land area is 241,930 sq.km (93,410 sq. miles)
  • In Quarter 3 (July to September) 2020, the UK gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to have increased by a record 16.0 percent, up from a previous estimate of 15.5 percent growth.
  • Though this reflects some recovery in activity following the record contraction in Quarter 2 (April to June) 2020, the UK's GDP remains 8.6% lower than it was at the end of 2019, revised from an initial estimate of 9.7%.
  • In comparison to the same quarter a year ago, the UK economy shrank by 8.6%.
  • While output in the services, manufacturing, and construction sectors increased to new highs in Quarter 3 2020, the level of output remains below the UK population 2019 level in Quarter 4 (October to December), before the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
  • In Quarter 3 2020, there was a recovery in private consumption, government consumption, and, to a lesser extent, business investment, as a result of the easing of public health restrictions, but the levels remain below pre-lockdown levels.
  • In Quarter 3 2020, the household saving ratio fell to 16.9% from 27.4% in Quarter 2 2020.

UK GDP Growth Rate

The most important sector is the services sector, which accounts for 79 percent of the UK's GDP. The UK GDP growth is expected by 6.8% in 2021, a significant increase over the 5% UK GDP growth rate it predicted in January, and the fastest annual growth in national income since 1941. In 2020, the UK economy contracted by 9.8%, the worst performance in the G7. Government, education, and health services account for 19 percent of total GDP; real estate (12 percent); professional, scientific, and technical activities, as well as administrative and support services (12 percent); wholesale and retail trade (11 percent); and financial and insurance services (8 percent). Did you know that the UK GDP 2020 was 1.96 trillion British pounds, a decrease of approximately 216 billion pounds from the UK GDP 2019, when the economy was 2.17 trillion pounds? Yes.

Manufacturing (10 percent of total GDP) and construction (10 percent of total GDP) are the two largest segments of industry, accounting for 21% of GDP (6 percent). Agriculture accounts for only 1% of the total GDP. On the expenditure side, the GDP is made up of: Consumption by households (65%), government spending (20%), and gross fixed capital formation (5%). (17 percent). Exports of goods and services account for 28% of GDP, while imports account for 30%, resulting in a 2% reduction in GDP.

United Kingdom Economy Data

Main Indicators 2019 2020 20212022
UK GDP (billions USD) 2.00 2.00 3.003.00
GDP per Capita (USD)42404649
Domestic Demand (%)7.2%5.3%6.9%12%
UK Exports (%)£367 billion+ £17.5 billion+ £3.7 billion54700.00 GBP Million
UK Imports (%)£542 billion58.1 USD billion+£12.8 billion55500.00 GBP Million
UK Inflation rate (%)1.8%0.9%1.5%1.9%
General Government Balance (in % of GDP)-2.3%0.5%
-5.0%-4.8%
General Government Gross Debt (in % of GDP)85.2%103.7%107.1%109.1%
UK Unemployment rate (%)3.8%4.5%6.1%6.1%
Current Account (billions USD)-87.65-106.51-121.50-133.55
Current Account (in % of GDP)-3.1%-3.9%-3.9%-4.0%

Contact AECC Global, if you are keen on pursuing your higher education in the United Kingdom. We provide devoted students with exceptional international education guidance and counselling, as we have a dedicated team of highly experienced and trained professionals who can assist students in selecting the best courses available in foreign universities throughout the world, including the United Kingdom.


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