GRE Exam Syllabus and Test pattern


GRE Syllabus & Pattern 2023: Find Section Wise GRE Exam Syllabus & Exam Patterns.

GRE Syllabus

Candidates who desire to pursue graduate courses overseas must qualify for and score well on their Graduate Record Examinations (GRE). To begin with, candidates must be familiar with the most recent GRE syllabus. As they read, candidates can refer to the most recent GRE Syllabus 2023 and the GRE Exam Pattern. Candidates seeking GRE preparation suggestions can use our GRE Preparation guide or our GRE 4-week study plan to ace their next GRE test. Continue reading to learn more about the GRE Exam Syllabus.

GRE Test Formats

The GRE exam is available in two formats: GRE General Test & GRE Subject Test. Each has a separate GRE syllabus.

  • GRE General Test: The General Test is the industry standard exam that assesses students' verbal thinking, mathematical reasoning, and analytical writing abilities.
  • GRE Subject Test: A GRE Subject Test may be required by the institution for more specialised courses, as the GRE Subject Test concentrates on assessing the candidate's proficiency in certain disciplines.

GRE Exam Syllabus

The GRE general test has three primary components:

  • GRE verbal reasoning,
  • GRE quantitative reasoning, and
  • GRE analytical writing evaluation.

The GRE score is one of the most essential entrance requirements for higher education in business, engineering, and many other disciplines. The GRE general exam score is acceptable here. The GRE general test syllabus is extensive, and it assesses students' analytical abilities.

GRE Syllabus - Analytical Writing Section

The analytical writing section of the GRE is designed to assess the test taker's ability to articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively, support ideas with relevant reasons and examples, examine claims and accompanying evidence, maintain a well-focused, coherent discussion, and control the elements of standard written English. The GRE Analytical Writing curriculum comprises two thirty-minute analytical writing assignments that are timed separately:

  • Analyze an Issue
  • Analyze an Argument

GRE Syllabus - Verbal Reasoning Section

The verbal reasoning section assesses the ability of the test taker to analyse and draw conclusions from the discourse, reason from incomplete data, identify the author's assumptions and/or perspective, select important points, distinguish major from minor or relevant points, summarise text, understand the structure of a text, understand the meanings of words, sentences, and entire texts, and understand relationships between words and concepts.

The list of topics covered under the GRE verbal syllabus includes

  • Basic Sentence structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
  • Verb Tense
  • Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
  • Pronoun Agreement
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Modifiers
  • Parallelism

GRE Syllabus - Quantitative Reasoning

The quantitative reasoning section assesses the test taker's ability to comprehend quantitative information, interpret and analyse quantitative data, solve problems using mathematical models, and apply basic mathematical skills and elementary mathematical concepts from arithmetic, algebra, geometry, probability, and statistics.

Ratio and proportion

Profit and loss

Simple and compound interest

Speed, distance, and time

Permutation & combination

Linear equations

Quadratic equations

Sets Theory


Powers and roots


Pipes, cisterns, work, time

Lines and angles





Coordinate geometry

Order of operations

Volume and surface area


Number propertie

GRE Subject Test Syllabus

The GRE subject examination is a paper-based exam that is only given three times a year. GRE topic examinations are intended for individuals who wish to pursue a higher degree in a certain subject.

This test includes the following subjects:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Literature in English
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Psychology

GRE Biology Syllabus

The exam comprises of around 190 Biology-related five-choice questions. Among the subjects are:

  • Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Organismal Biology
  • Ecology and Evolution

GRE Chemistry Syllabus

The exam comprises of around 130 multiple-choice questions about the four domains of chemistry that have historically been split.

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry

GRE English Syllabus

Each version of the test includes roughly 230 questions on poetry, theatre, biography, the essay, short storey, novel, criticism, literary theory, and linguistic history.

  • Literary Analysis
  • Identification
  • Cultural and Historical Contexts
  • History and Theory of Literary Criticism

GRE Maths syllabus

The exam comprises of around 66 multiple-choice questions selected from undergraduate-level courses.

  • Algebra          
  • Calculus
  • Additional Topics

GRE Physics syllabus

The exam consists of roughly 100 five-choice questions, some of which are organised in sets and are based on resources such as diagrams, graphs, experimental data, and physical scenario descriptions.

  • Classical Mechanics
  • Electromagnetism
  • Optics and Wave Phenomena
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Atomic Physics
  • Special Relativity
  • Laboratory Methods
  • Specialized Topics

GRE Psychology Syllabus

There are around 205 multiple-choice questions in the exam. Each test question offers five possibilities from which the examinee must choose the one that is the correct or best response to the question.

  • Biological
  • Cognitive
  • Developmental
  • Social
  • Clinical
  • Measurement/Methodology/Other

GRE Exam Pattern

Even if one is familiar with the GRE Syllabus and understands all of the answers, failing to manage time might result in an incomplete exam. This is when familiarity with the GRE Exam pattern comes into play. The Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning components of the GRE exam course are the most important. The GRE computer-based test takes three hours and 45 minutes to complete.

GRE Computer Based Test Pattern

Each of these parts is then separated into two sub-sections for the computer-based pattern, totaling forty questions (Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning). The GRE Analytical Writing component consists of only two activities with a time limit of one hour. Aside from these primary portions, the computer-based pattern test includes two extra changeable sections. After the Quantitative Reasoning segment is completed, there is a ten-minute break. These two variable portions, however, Unscored and Research, are not included in the final GRE scores.

GRE Sections

No. of Sections


Analytical Writing

1 section- two tasks

60 minutes

Verbal Reasoning

2 section- 40 questions

60 minutes

Quantitative Reasoning

2 section- 40 questions

70 minutes







GRE Paper Based Test Pattern

The paper-based GRE test schedule comprises two sub-sections for each of the three primary categories: analytical writing, verbal reasoning, and quantitative reasoning. The analytical Writing section consists of two one-hour projects (60 mins). Each portion of Verbal and Quantitative reasoning has two sections and 50 questions, with a maximum time restriction of 60 and 70 minutes, respectively. The paper-based test does not contain the variable components Unscored and Research.

GRE Sections

No. of Sections


Analytical Writing

2 sections- 2 tasks

60 minutes

Verbal Reasoning

2 sections- 50 questions

70 minutes

Quantitative Reasoning

2 sections- 50 questions

80 minutes







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The GRE exam syllabus assesses verbal reasoning, mathematical reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing abilities, all of which are required for academic achievement. GRE Analytical Writing, GRE Verbal Reasoning, and GRE Quantitative Reasoning are the three areas of the GRE test course.
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